Hon. HRD Minister
    Mr. Prakash Javdekar
Hon. Chairman
 Mr. Vishesh Gadhpale IAS
Principal
          Mr. S. J. Gawai
Navodaya Prayer
E-Box NCPCR Portal
About District

Background

Prior to the States reorganization, i.e., on 1st November 1956, the District was officially known as Nimar District and formed part of Mahakoshal region of the erst-while Madhya Pradesh. The western part of old Prant Nimar originally held by the Holkar, became a part of Madhya Bharat, when that state was formed in the year 1948. As on the reorganization of States, Madhya Bharat region was merged in Madhya Pradesh, the western part of old Prant Nimar eventually became a part if Madhya Pradesh. This tract with its headquarters at Khargone, also happened to retain its old name of Nimar, and being to the west of the District of former Nimar of Mahakoshal region, was named as Nimar(West) or West Nimar, while the District was officially renamed as Nimar(East) or East Nimar from 1st November, 1956. On august,15, 2003 the District has been divided into Khandwa & Burhanpur district.

 

Location and Boundaries

Khandwa District is situated South West of the state of Madhya Pradesh The District is in Indore Division of Madhya Pradesh. maximum and minimum height above mean sea level is 905.56 m and 180.00 m respectively. The District is bounded on the east by the Betul and Hoshangabad District of Hoshangabad division, and Burhanpur District of Indore Division on south, on the west by West Nimar District of Indore division,and on the north by Dewas District of the Indore Division.

 

Occupation

Major part of the working mass is in the primary sector agriculture. per family avergage farm size is low and the adoption of traditional form of agriculture, the majority of peasants are earning for livelyhood only. the agricultural labour is also sizable part of the total population.

 

Food Habits

Major part of the population is "Wheat eating" in the area Fruits, Vegitables, Poltry and Dairy products are consumed in urban area mostly, but in rural area dependency on grains like "Jwar", "Makka" and pulses are more in the food. Non vegetarian food is also consumed in both areas but most number of people are vegetarians.Rice is eaten as supporting food and consumed lesser amount. People preffer Groundnuts and Chillies in there foods becouse these are grown here.

 

Language

Hindiis a common medium of communication in the urban part of District. Nimari is spoken in the rural area of North-West part of the District whereas  Korku, Bhili as the mode of communication in the  tribal area respectively. Northern part comprises of Malvi and Korkuspoken mass in the nontribal and tribal respectively. Gujarati, Rajasthani etc. are also spoken in several social circles, like Bohra etc.

 

Structure of the society

Major part of population are Hindu, Muslim   Sikhkha & Sindhi. Hindu consist approx. 80 % of the total population. Mainly Rajput, Kunbi & Gujar & Maratha's form the agricultural social structure and construct the rural mass. Jain, Banias (the caste engaged in trade & commerce), Muslims, Sikhkhas and Sindhis,  mainly prefer to live in urban areas and form the trade oriented non-agricultural social structure. The Korkus, Bhils & Gond are major scheduled tribes which live in the forest areas.

 

 
Climate
The climate of the District is pleasant and healthy. The District falls in the drier part of India. Average annual rainfall in the District is 980.75 mm. The northern part of the District receives more rainfall than the southern part. The monsoon season starts approximately by 10th June every year and extends up to early October. The days are quite humid. The maximum temperature recorded in the month of May is 42O C and minimum recorded in the month of December as 10OC

Transportation Network
The District has road network covering 2328.45 Kms. Major Roadways are -Mortakka -Khandwa, Khandwa -Burhanpur, Burhanpur - Bombay, Burhanpur - Amravati, Khandwa - Harsud,Ujjain-Indore-Aurangabad. The District is also connected by Delhi-Bombay Broad gauge Railway line of Indian Railways and Purna (Maharashtra State) -Jaipur(Rajasthan State) meter gauge line .  

Folk Dances

The rich heritage of communal dances is still preserved by the Rajputs, Gujars,Korkus, Naagar Brahmins, and Banjaras. The Dance of the Rajput male is known as Gair and Kimadi while their female-folk is called khada. Among the Gujars, the male folk, perform dip dance. The favourite male dance of Korkus is susur, whereas gadolia is female-folk of the same. Gujarati Communities female folk is garba. Kathi is Nimar's famous folk dance.The Ramleela and Gammat (Play) are the favourite pastimes of the rural mass
.  

Seismicity
The District lies in a seismic zone where light to moderate earthquakes are possible although it is a part of the stable Peninsular Shield of India known as 'Horst Block' and is outside the main earthquake belt of India, viz., The Himalayan Arc. The epicentre of the famous Satpura Earthquake of 14th March,1938 was located very close to the west of District (21O 32' N -75O50' E)  at which occasion the Western part of the District came under M.M.Intensity VII and the Eastern part came under M.M. Intensity VI. Currently Pandhana Tehsil of the District has been the centre of Micro-Earthquake activities followed by surface rumbling sound .Maximum of which occurred between 11th Dec.1998 to 5th April 1999. The studies shows that the major earthquake cannot be overlooked in this area.